Health Inequalities Data Tool

More Information

For more information about each indicator, click on the framework components below:

Health Status

Mortality and Life Expectancy
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Infant mortality Children (infants) Infants who die in the first year of life VS-BD (2009-2011); VS-DD (2009-2011) Numerator: Number of infant deaths (age < 1 year) due to all causes;
Denominator: Total number of live births, excluding those that occurred in dissemination areas with no infant deaths
Details
Infant mortality (at least 500 grams) Children (infants) Infants weighing at least 500 grams who die in the first year of life VS-BD (2008-2010) linked to VS-DD (2008-2011) Numerator: Number of deaths among infants weighing at least 500 grams (age < 1 year);
Denominator: Total number of live births weighing at least 500 grams, excluding those that occurred in dissemination areas with no infant deaths (Ontario is excluded from the numerator and denominator)
Details
All-cause mortality General population Deaths from all causes VS-DD (2009-2011) Numerator: Total number of deaths;
Denominator: Total Canadian population (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 3
Details
Circulatory system disease mortality General population Deaths from diseases of the circulatory system (ICD-10: I00 to I99), total population VS-DD (2009-2011) Numerator: Total number of deaths caused by diseases of the circulatory system;
Denominator: Total Canadian population (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 3
Details
Cerebrovascular disease mortality General population Deaths from cerebrovascular disease (ICD-10: I60 to I69), total population VS-DD (2009-2011) Numerator: Total number of deaths caused by cerebrovascular disease;
Denominator: Total Canadian population (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 3
Details
Ischaemic heart disease mortality General population Deaths from ischaemic heart disease (ICD-10: I20 to I25), total population VS-DD (2009-2011) Numerator: Total number of deaths caused by ischaemic heart disease;
Denominator: Total Canadian population (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 3
Details
Other circulatory system disease mortality General population Deaths from circulatory system diseases, other than ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease (ICD-10: I00 to I02, I05 to I09, I10 to I15, I26 to I28, I30 to I52, I70 to I79, I80 to I89, I95 to I99), total population VS-DD (2009-2011) Numerator: Total number of deaths caused by other circulatory system diseases;
Denominator: Total Canadian population (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 3
Details
Lung cancer mortality General population Deaths from lung cancer (ICD-10: C34), total population VS-DD (2009-2011) Numerator: Total number of deaths caused by lung cancer;
Denominator: Total Canadian population (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 3
Details
Unintentional injury mortality General population Deaths from unintentional injuries, due to causes such as motor vehicle collisions, falls, drowning, burns, and poisoning, but not medical misadventures/complications (ICD-10: V01-X59, Y85 to Y86), total population VS-DD (2009-2011) Numerator: Total number of deaths caused by unintentional injuries;
Denominator: Total Canadian population (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 3
Details
Life expectancy (ecological level) General population Number of years a person would be expected to live, from birth VS-DD (2009-2011) The number of years a person would be expected to live from birth, on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period Details
Seniors (65+ years) Number of years a person would be expected to live, from age 65 VS-DD (2009-2011) The number of years a person would be expected to live from age 65, on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period Details
Life expectancy (individual level) Adults (18+ years) Number of years a person would be expected to live, from age 18 CCHS (2000/01-2007/08) linked to VS-DD (2000-2011) The number of years a person would be expected to live from age 18, on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period Details
Seniors (65+ years) Number of years a person would be expected to live, from age 65 CCHS (2000/01-2007/08) linked to VS-DD (2000-2011) The number of years a person would be expected to live from age 65, on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period Details
Health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) (individual level) Adults (18+ years) Number of years a person would be expected to live in a healthy state, from age 18 CCHS (2000/01-2007/08) linked to VS-DD (2000-2011) The number of years a person would be expected to live in a healthy state from age 18 Details
Seniors (65+ years) Remaining number of years a person would be expected to live in a healthy state, from age 65 CCHS (2000/01-2007/08) linked to VS-DD (2000-2011) The number of years a person would be expected to live in a healthy state from age 65 Details
Potential years of life lost (PYLL, ecological level) General population Average number of additional years a person would have lived if he or she had not died prematurely (the upper reference age is 75 years) CCHS (2000/01-2007/08) linked to VS-DD (2000-2011) The average number of additional years a person would have lived if he or she had not died prematurely (the upper reference age is 75 years) Details
Potential years of life lost (PYLL, individual level) General population Average number of additional years a person would have lived if he or she had not died prematurely (the upper reference age is 75 years) VS-DD (2009-2011) The average number of additional years a person would have lived if he or she had not died prematurely (the upper reference age is 75 years) Details
Morbidity and Disability
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Low birth weight Children (infants) Live births with birth weight less than 2,500 grams VS-BD (2009-2011) Numerator: Total number of live births with a birth weight < 2,500 grams;
Denominator: Total number of live births with known weight (Ontario is excluded from the numerator and denominator)
Details
Preterm births Children (infants) Live births with a gestational age of less than 37 weeks VS-BD (2009-2011) Numerator: Total number of live births with a gestational age < 37 weeks;
Denominator: Total number of live births with known gestational age (Ontario is excluded from the numerator and denominator)
Details
Small for gestational age Children (infants) Live singleton births whose birth weight is below the 10th percentile of sex-specific birth weight for gestational age VS-BD (2009-2011) Numerator: Total number of live singleton births with a birth weight < 10th percentile of sex-specific birth weight for gestational age;
Denominator: Total number of singleton live births with known weight and known gestational age (between 22 and 43 weeks) (Ontario is excluded from the numerator and denominator)
Details
Overweight (self-reported) Adults (18+ years) Body mass index (BMI) score from 25.0 to 29.9, based on self-reported height and weight, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, with a BMI score between 25.0 and 29.9, based on self-reported height and weight;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Overweight (measured) Children (6-17 years) Body mass index (BMI) score from 25.0 to 29.9, based on measured height and weight, population aged 6-17 years CHMS (2009-2013) Numerator: Number of CHMS respondents, aged 6-17, with a BMI score from 25.0 to 29.9, based on measured height and weight;
Denominator: CHMS respondents, aged 6-17
Details
Adults (18-79 years) Body mass index (BMI) score from 25.0 to 29.9, based on measured height and weight, population aged 18-79 years CHMS (2009-2013) Numerator: Number of CHMS respondents, aged 18-79, with a BMI score from 25.0 to 29.9, based on measured height and weight;
Denominator: CHMS respondents, aged 18-79
Details
Obesity (self-reported) Children (grades 6-10) Body mass index (BMI) score more than two standard deviations above the mean which is age- and sex- specific defined by the 2007 WHO BMI growth references for children and youth, based on self-reported height and weight, population in grades 6-10 HBSC (2009/10, 2013/14) Numerator: Number of HBSC respondents, grades 6-10, with a BMI score more than two standard deviations above the mean which is age- and sex- specific defined by the 2007 WHO BMI growth references for children and youth, based on self-reported height and weight;
Denominator: HBSC respondents, grades 6-10.
Details
Adults (18+ years) Body mass index (BMI) score equal to 30.0 or above, based on self-reported height and weight, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, with a BMI score equal to 30.0 or above, based on reported height and weight;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Body mass index (BMI) score equal to 30.0 or above, based on self-reported height and weight, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, with a BMI score equal to 30.0 or above, based on reported height and weight;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Obesity (measured) Children (6-17 years) Body mass index (BMI) score equal to 30.0 or above, based on measured height and weight, population aged 6-17 years CHMS (2009-2013) Numerator: Number of CHMS respondents, aged 6-17, with a BMI score equal to 30.0 or above, based on measured height and weight;
Denominator: CHMS respondents, aged 6-17
Details
Adults (18-79 years) Body mass index (BMI) score equal to 30.0 or above, based on measured height and weight, population aged 18-79 years CHMS (2009-2013) Numerator: Number of CHMS respondents, aged 18-79, with a BMI score equal to 30.0 or above, based on measured height and weight;
Denominator: CHMS respondents, aged 18-79
Details
Functional health, severe or moderate functional impairment Children (12-17 years) Have a moderate or severe functional impairment (Health Utilities Index Mark 3 [HUI3] score = 0.88), population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2009, 2010, 2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who have a HUI3 score = 0.88;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Have a moderate or severe functional impairment (Health Utilities Index Mark 3 [HUI3] score = 0.88), population aged 18+ years CCHS (2009, 2010, 2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who had a HUI3 score = 0.88;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Have a moderate or severe functional impairment (Health Utilities Index Mark 3 [HUI3] score = 0.88), population aged 65+ years CCHS (2013,2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who had a HUI3 score = 0.88;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often Children (12-17 years) Reported that they sometimes or often experienced limitations in daily activities related to a long-term physical health condition, mental health condition, or health problem (has lasted or is expected to last six months or longer) CCHS (2009, 2010, 2012, 2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported that they sometimes or often experienced a limitation in daily activities at home, at work, at school, or other, due to a long-term health condition (has lasted or is expected to last = 6 months);
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported that they sometimes or often experienced limitations in daily activities related to a long-term physical health condition, mental health condition, or health problem (has lasted or is expected to last six months or longer) CCHS (2009, 2010, 2012, 2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported that they sometimes or often experienced a limitation in daily activities at home, at work, at school, or other, due to a long-term health condition (has lasted or is expected to last = 6 months);
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Disability Adults (15+ years) Individuals with a mild, moderate, severe, or very severe disability (identified as such if an individual’s daily activities are limited as a result of an impairment or difficulty with particular tasks), population aged 15+ years CSD (2012) Numerator: Number of CSD respondents, aged 15+, who had a mild, moderate, severe, or very severe disability;
Denominator: CSD respondents, aged 15+
Details
Injury, past year Seniors (65+ years) Reported being injured in the past 12 months CCHS (2013,2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported being injured in the past 12 months;
Denominator: CCHS respondents aged 65+
Details
Injury due to fall, past year Seniors (65+ years) Reported being injured due to fall in the past 12 months CCHS (2013,2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported being injured due to fall in the past 12 months;
Denominator: CCHS respondents aged 65+
Details
Activity-limiting injury, past year Seniors (65+ years) Reported activity-limiting injuries in the past 12 months CCHS (2013,2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported activity-limiting injuries in the past 12 months;
Denominator: CCHS respondents aged 65+
Details
Mental Illness and Suicide
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Suicide mortality General population Suicide deaths (ICD-10: X60 to X84), total population VS-DD (2009-2011) Numerator: Number of deaths caused by suicide;
Denominator: Total Canadian population (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 3
Details
Mental illness hospitalization Adults (15+ years) Discharges following hospitalizations for five selected mental illness conditions (combined): substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour, population aged 15+ HMHDB-CIHI (2009-2012) Numerator: Discharges following mental illness hospitalizations for the five selected mental illness conditions (combined);
Denominator: Total within population of interest (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 4
Details
Mood disorder Seniors (65+ years) Reported having a mood disorder such as depression, bipolar disorder, mania or dysthymia, which has been diagnosed by a health professional and that expected to last or have already lasted ≥ 6 months CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported having a mood disorder such as depression, bipolar disorder, mania or dysthymia;
Denominator: CCHS respondents aged 65+.
Details
Anxiety disorder Seniors (65+ years) Reported having an anxiety disorder such as a phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder or a panic disorder, which has been diagnosed by a health professional and that expected to last or have already lasted ≥ 6 months CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported having an anxiety disorder such as a phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder or a panic disorder;
Denominator: CCHS respondents aged 65+.
Details
Self-Assessed Physical and Mental Health
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Perceived health, excellent or very good Children (12-17 years) Reported their own health status as being either "excellent" or "very good", population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported their own health status as being either "excellent" or "very good";
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported their own health status as being either "excellent" or "very good", population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported their own health status as being either "excellent" or "very good";
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Reported their own health status as being either "excellent" or "very good", population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported their own health status as being either "excellent" or "very good";
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Perceived health, fair or poor Children (12-17 years) Reported their own health status as being either "fair" or "poor", population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported their own health status as being either "fair" or "poor";
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported their own health status as being either "fair" or "poor", population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported their own health status as being either "fair" or "poor";
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Reported their own health status as being either "fair" or "poor", population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported their own health status as being either "fair" or "poor";
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Perceived mental health, excellent or very good Children (12-17 years) Reported their own mental health status as being either "excellent" or "very good", population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported their own mental health status as being either "excellent" or "very good";
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported their own mental health status as being either "excellent" or "very good", population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported their own mental health status as being either "excellent" or "very good";
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Reported their own mental health status as being either "excellent" or "very good", population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported their own mental health status as being either "excellent" or "very good";
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Perceived mental health, fair or poor Children (12-17 years) Reported their own mental health status as being either "fair" or "poor", population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported their own mental health status as being either "fair" or "poor";
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported their own mental health status as being either "fair" or "poor", population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported their own mental health status as being either "fair" or "poor";
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Reported their own mental health status as being either "fair" or "poor", population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported their own mental health status as being either "fair" or "poor";
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Disease / Health Condition
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Cancer incidence - total for all cancers General population New primary sites of cancer (malignant and neoplasm), total population CCR (2008-2010) Numerator: Total number of new primary sites of cancer;
Denominator: Total Canadian population (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 3
Details
Female breast cancer incidence General population New primary sites of female breast cancer (malignant and neoplasm) (ICD-O-3: C50.0 to C50.9), all females CCR (2008-2010) Numerator: Total number of new primary sites of female breast cancer;
Denominator: Total Canadian population of females (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 3
Details
Prostate cancer incidence General population New primary sites of prostate cancer (malignant and neoplasm) (ICD-O-3: C61.9), all males CCR (2008-2010) Numerator: Total number of new primary sites of prostate cancer;
Denominator: Total Canadian population of males (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 3
Details
Colorectal cancer incidence General population New primary sites of colorectal cancer (malignant and neoplasm) (ICD-O-3: C18.0 to C18.9, C19.9, C20.9, C26.0), total population CCR (2008-2010) Numerator: Total number of new primary sites of colorectal cancer;
Denominator: Total Canadian population (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 3
Details
Lung cancer incidence General population New primary sites of lung cancer (malignant and neoplasm) (ICD-O-3: C34.0 to C34.9), total population CCR (2008-2010) Numerator: Total number of new primary sites of lung cancer;
Denominator: Total Canadian population (2011 Census counts), multiplied by 3
Details
Arthritis Adults (18+ years) Reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having arthritis, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having arthritis;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Reported having arthritis as diagnosed by a health professional, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having arthritis;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Seniors (65+ years) Reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having chronic bronchitis, emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having chronic bronchitis, emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD;
Denominator: CCHSrespondents, aged 65+
Details
Cancer Seniors (65+ years) Reported having cancer as diagnosed by a health professional, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported that they have cancer, which has been diagnosed by a health professional;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Asthma Children (12-17 years) Reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma, population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Diabetes, including gestational (self-reported) Adults (18+ years) Reported they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes (including gestational diabetes), population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes (including gestational diabetes);
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Diabetes, excluding gestational (self-reported) Adults (18+ years) Reported they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes (excluding gestational diabetes), population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes (excluding gestational diabetes);
Denominator:CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Diabetes (self-reported) Seniors (65+ years) Reported having diabetes (excluding gestational diabetes) as diagnosed by a health professional, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes (excluding gestational diabetes);
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Diabetes, excluding gestational (self-reported and measured) Adults (18-79 years) Reported and measured diabetes (excluding gestational diabetes), population aged 18-79 years CHMS Cycle 2 & Cycle 3 (2009-2013) Numerator: Number of CHMS respondents, aged 18-79, with diabetes (excluding gestational) from self-report and laboratory-measured blood values;
Denominator: CHMS respondents, aged 18-79
Details
Dental pain or discomfort, past month Children (12-17 years) Reported they sometimes or often experienced pain/discomfort in their teeth/gums in the past month, population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2007-2008) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who report that they sometimes or often experienced pain/discomfort in their teeth/gums in the past month;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported they sometimes or often experienced pain/discomfort in their teeth/gums in the past month, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2007-2008) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who report that they sometimes or often experienced pain/discomfort in their teeth/gums in the past month;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Inability to chew Children (12-17 years) Reported they have an inability to chew, population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2007-2008) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported that they have an inability to chew;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported they have an inability to chew, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2007-2008) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported that they have an inability to chew;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Decay-missing-filled-teeth (DMFT/dmft) index Children (6-17 years) Have decayed, missing, or filled permanent (DMFT) or primary teeth (dmft) (index >= 1), population aged 6-17 years CHMS (2007-2009) Numerator: Number of CHMS respondents, aged 6-17, with decayed, missing, or filled permanent or primary teeth (DMFT/dmft index >= 1);
Denominator: CHMS respondents, aged 6-17
Details
Missing teeth (<21 teeth) Adults (18-79 years) Have missing teeth and fewer than 21 remaining, population aged 18-79 years CHMS (2007-2009) Numerator: Number of CHMS respondents, aged 18-79, with less than 21 teeth remaining;
Denominator: CHMS respondents, aged 18-79
Details
Active tuberculosis disease (reported cases) General population Active tuberculosis cases (newly diagnosed or re-treatment) CTBRS (2010-2014) Five years cumulative;
Numerator: [2010-2012] PHAC (2015), Tuberculosis in Canada 2012 / [2013] PHAC (2015), Tuberculosis in Canada 2013 – Pre-release / [2014] PHAC (2016), Tuberculosis in Canada 2014 – Pre-release;
Denominator: [First Nations on and off reserve, 2010-2012] Registered Indian Population, Household and Family Projections 2004-2029, INAC (2007) / [First Nations on and off reserve, 2013 and 2014] AANDC (2012), Registered Indian Population, Household and Family Projections 2009-2034 / [Inuit and Métis and Total Indigenous, 2010-2012] StatCan, Projections of the Aboriginal populations, Canada, provinces and territories 2001 to 2017 (Catalogue No. 91-547-XIE) / [Inuit and Métis and Total Indigenous, 2013 and 2014] StatCan, Population Projections by Aboriginal Identity in Canada, 2006 to 2031 (Catalogue No. 91-552-X) / [Foreign-born population, 2010-2012] StatCan, Custom Product / [Foreign-born population, 2013 and 2014] StatCan, Custom Tabulation - 2011 NHS.
Details
HIV incidence (estimate per 100,000 population) General population Estimate of new HIV cases in the population National HIV/AIDS Surveillance System (2011) Numerator: Estimated number of new HIV cases;
Denominator: Population of Canada (and sub-populations, source dependant on stratifier)
Details
HIV diagnosis rate (per 100,000 population) General population Average annual rate of reported HIV diagnoses National HIV/AIDS Surveillance System (2009-2014) Six-year average of annual rates of HIV diagnoses Details

Health Determinants

Health Behaviours
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Smoking during pregnancy Adults (15-55 years) Women aged 15-55 years who reported smoking cigarettes during their most recent pregnancy (within previous 5 years) CCHS (2017-2018) Numerator: Number of female CCHS respondents aged 15-55 having given birth in the previous 5 years who reported having smoked cigarettes at least once during their most recent pregnancy (after having found out they were pregnant and/or in the last 3 months);
Denominator: female CCHS respondents aged 15-55 having given birth in the previous 5 years.
Details
Drinking during pregnancy Adults (15-55 years) Women aged 15-55 years who reported drinking any alcohol during their most recent pregnancy (within previous 5 years) CCHS (2017-2018) Numerator: Number of female CCHS respondents aged 15-55 having given birth in the previous 5 years who reported having consumed any alcohol during their most recent pregnancy (after having found out they were pregnant and/or in the last 3 months);
Denominator: Female CCHS respondents, aged 15-55 having given birth in the previous 5 years
Details
Alcohol use, heavy drinking Children (12-17 years) Reported having had 5 or more drinks in one occasion, between once a month to more than once a week over the past year, population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2010-2012) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported having 5 or more drinks in one occasion, between once a month to more than once a week over the past year;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported having had 5 or more drinks in one occasion, between once a month to more than once a week over the past year, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2012) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported having 5 or more drinks in one occasion, between once a month to more than once a week over the past year;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Reported having had 5 or more drinks in one occasion, between once a month to more than once a week over the past year, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported having 5 or more drinks in one occasion, between once a month to more than once a week over the past year;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Frequent present alcohol drinking Children (grades 6-10) Reported drinking beer, or wine, or liquor/spirits, or coolers (alcopops) or any other drink that contains alcohol, every week or every day, population in grades 6-10 HBSC (2009/10, 2013/14) Numerator: Number of HBSC respondents, grades 6-10, who reported drinking beer, or wine, or liquor/spirits, or coolers (alcopops) or any other drink that contains alcohol every week or every day;
Denominator: HBSC respondents, grades 6-10.
Details
Drunkenness in lifetime Children (grades 6-10) Reported having ever been really drunk in lifetime, population in grades 6-10 HBSC (2009/10, 2013/14) Numerator: Number of HBSC respondents, grades 6-10, who reported having ever been really drunk in lifetime;
Denominator: HBSC respondents, grades 6-10.
Details
Smoking, daily or occasionally Children (12-17 years) Reported being a current smoker (either daily or occasional), does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked, population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported being a current smoker (either daily or occasional);
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported being a current smoker (either daily or occasional), does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported being a current smoker (either daily or occasional);
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Reported being a current smoker (either daily or occasional), does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported being a current smoker (either daily or occasional);
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Current smoking Children (grades 6-10) Reported smoking at present, population in grades 6-10 HBSC (2009/10, 2013/14) Numerator: Number of HBSC respondents, grades 6-10, who reported smoking at present;
Denominator: HBSC respondents, grades 6-10.
Details
E-cigarettes use Children (grades 6-10) Reported having ever smoked or used e-cigarettes, population in grades 6-10 HBSC (2013/14) Numerator: Number of HBSC respondents, grades 6-10, who reported having ever smoked or used e-cigarettes;
Denominator: HBSC respondents, grades 6-10.
Details
Tobacco product use Children (grades 6-10) Reported having ever smoked or used tobacco products (flavoured tobacco, chewing tobacco, snuff, snus, gutkha, hard snuff, e-cigarettes), population in grades 6-10 HBSC (2013/14) Numerator: Number of HBSC respondents, grades 6-10, who reported having ever smoked or used tobacco products (flavoured tobacco, chewing tobacco, snuff, snus, gutkha, hard snuff, e-cigarettes);
Denominator: HBSC respondents, grades 6-10.
Details
Cannabis use in past 12 months Children (grades 9-10) Reported having used marijuana or cannabis (e.g., hash/marijuana/pot/grass) in last 12 months, population in grades 9-10 HBSC (2009/10, 2013/14) Numerator: Number of HBSC respondents, grades 9-10, who reported having used marijuana or cannabis (a joint, pot, weed, hash) in last 12 months;
Denominator: HBSC respondents, grades 9-10.
Details
Breastfeeding, initiation Adults (18-55 years) Women aged 18-55 years, who breastfed or tried to breastfeed their last child (including short duration) CCHS (2009-2012) Numerator: Number of female CCHS respondents, aged 18-55, who initiated breastfeeding (or tried to initiate breastfeeding) with their last child;
Denominator: Female CCHS respondents, aged 18-55
Details
Breastfeeding, exclusive Adults (18-55 years) Women aged 18-55 years who breastfed their child exclusively for at least the first 6 months of life (the child received only breast milk, without any additional liquid or solid food) CCHS (2009-2012) Numerator: Number of female CCHS respondents, aged 18-55, who breastfed their last child exclusively for at least the first 6 months of life;
Denominator: Female CCHS respondents, aged 18-55
Details
Fruit/vegetable consumption, 5 or more times per day Children (12-17 years) Reported consuming fruits and vegetables 5 times or more per day, population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported consuming fruits and vegetables 5 times or more per day;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported consuming fruits and vegetables 5 times or more per day, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported consuming fruits and vegetables 5 times or more per day;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Reported consuming fruits and vegetables 5 times or more per day, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported consuming fruits and vegetables 5 times or more per day;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Physical activity, active or moderately active Children (12-17 years) Respondents classified as "active" or "moderately active", based on their responses to questions about the frequency, nature and duration of their participation in leisure time physical activity, population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who were classified as "active" or "moderately active", based on their responses to questions about the frequency, nature and duration of their participation in leisure time physical activity;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Respondents classified as "active" or "moderately active", based on their responses to questions about the frequency, nature and duration of their participation in leisure time physical activity, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who were classified as "active" or "moderately active", based on their responses to questions about the frequency, nature and duration of their participation in leisure time physical activity;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Respondents classified as "active" or "moderately active", based on their responses to questions about the frequency, nature and duration of their participation in leisure time physical activity, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who were classified as "active" or "moderately active", based on their responses to questions about the frequency, nature and duration of their participation in leisure time physical activity;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Active transportation to school (walking or biking) Children (grades 6-10) Reported walking or biking to school on a typical day, population in grades 6-10 HBSC (2009/10, 2013/14) Numerator: Number of HBSC respondents, grades 6-10, who reported walking or biking to school on a typical day;
Denominator: HBSC respondents, grades 6-10.
Details
Playing outdoors >=2 hours/day Children (grades 6-10) Reported playing outdoors at least 2 hours a day outside school hours, population in grades 6-10 HBSC (2013/14) Numerator: Number of HBSC respondents, grades 6-10, who reported playing outdoors at least 2 hours a day outside school hours;
Denominator: HBSC respondents, grades 6-10.
Details
Screen time not meeting guidelines (>2 hours/day) Children (grades 6-10) Reported spending more than 2 hours per day in their free time on watching TV, videos, DVDs, and other entertainment on a screen, or playing games on a computer, games console, tablet, smartphone or other electronic device (not including moving or fitness games; weekdays), or using electronic devices such as computers, tablets or smartphones for other purposes (e.g., homework, emailing, tweeting, Facebook, chatting, surfing the internet). Screen time of 2 hours per day is the maximum recommended by the Canadian 24 hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth between the ages of 5-17 years. Population in grades 6-10 HBSC (2009/10, 2013/14) Numerator: Number of HBSC respondents, grades 6-10, who reported spending more than 2 hours per day in their free time on watching TV, videos, DVDs, and other entertainment on a screen, or playing games on a computer, games console, tablet), smartphone or other electronic device (not including moving or fitness games;
weekdays), or using electronic devices such as computers, tablets or smartphones for other purposes (e.g., homework, emailing, tweeting, Facebook, chatting, surfing the internet);
Denominator: HBSC respondents, grades 6-10.
Details
Meeting recommended sleep time in last week Children (grades 6-10) Reported meeting recommended sleep time in last week (recommended sleep time is 9-11 and 8-10 hours a day for children aged <14 years and >=14 years, respectively as per the Canadian 24 hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth between the ages of 5-17 years). Population in grades 6-10 HBSC (2013/14) Numerator: Number of HBSC respondents, grades 6-10, who reported meeting recommended sleep time last week (recommended sleep time is 9-11 and 8-10 hours a day for children aged <14 years and >=14 years);
Denominator: HBSC respondents, grades 6-10.
Details
Physical and Social Environment
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Exposure to second-hand smoke at home Children (12-17 years) Current non-smokers who reported exposure to second hand smoke at home, population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported that they do not smoke and that at least one person smoked inside their home every day or almost every day;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, who reported that they do not smoke, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Current non-smokers who reported exposure to second hand smoke at home, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported that they do not smoke and that at least one person smoked inside their home every day or almost every day;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, who reported that they do not smoke, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Current non-smokers who reported exposure to second hand smoke at home, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported that they do not smoke and that at least one person smoked inside their home every day or almost every day;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, who reported that they do not smoke, aged 65+
Details
Exposure to second-hand smoke in vehicles or public places, past month Children (12-17 years) Current non-smokers who reported exposure to second-hand smoke in public places or private vehicles, in the past month, population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported that they do not smoke and who reported being exposed to second-hand smoke in private vehicles and/or public places every day or almost every day during the past month;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, who reported that they do not smoke, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Current non-smokers who reported exposure to second-hand smoke in public places or private vehicles, in the past month, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported that they do not smoke and who reported being exposed to second-hand smoke in private vehicles and/or public places every day or almost every day during the past month;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, who reported that they do not smoke, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Current non-smokers who reported exposure to second-hand smoke in public places or private vehicles, in the past month, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported that they do not smoke and who reported being exposed to second-hand smoke in private vehicles and/or public places every day or almost every day during the past month;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, who reported that they do not smoke, aged 65+
Details
Sense of community belonging, somewhat strong or very strong Children (12-17 years) Reported a sense of belonging to their local community as being very strong or somewhat strong, population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported a sense of belonging to their local community as being somewhat strong or very strong;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported a sense of belonging to their local community as being very strong or somewhat strong, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported a sense of belonging to their local community as being somewhat strong or very strong;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Reported a sense of belonging to their local community as being very strong or somewhat strong, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2011-2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported a sense of belonging to their local community as being somewhat strong or very strong;
Denominator: CCHSrespondents, aged 65+
Details
Living alone Seniors (65+ years) Unattached individual living alone and reported living alone (household size=1) CCHS (2013,2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who are unattached individuals living alone and reported living alone (household size=1);
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Housing below standards General population People for whom housing is either: not affordable (≥ 30% of annual household income), in need of major repair, or is not a sufficient size NHS (2011) Numerator: Number of people whose housing is either: not affordable (≥
30% of annual household income), requires major repairs, or size is not sufficient;
Denominator: Number of people for whom answers to questions about housing affordability, adequacy (requiring major repairs) and suitability (sufficient size) were available
Details
Family support Children (grades 6-10) Reported having high family support based on a Family Support scale composite score that is higher than the 66.7th percentile of all respondents. The Family Support scale is made up of four items reported on a 5-point scale from "strongly agree" to "strongly disagree". These items include having family members who try to help and who offer emotional support when needed, being able to talk to a family member about any problems, and having family members who are willing to help a young person make decisions. Population in grades 6-10 HBSC (2013/14) Numerator: Number of HBSC respondents, grades 6-10, who reported having a high level of family support;
Denominator: HBSC respondents, grades 6-10.
Details
Friend support Children (grades 6-10) Reported having high friend support based on a Friend Support scale composite score that is higher than the 67.7th percentile of all respondents. The Friend Support scale is made up of four items reported on a 5-point scale from "strongly agree" to "strongly disagree". These items include having friends who try to help and who offer emotional support when needed, and being able to talk to friends about any problems. Population in grades 6-10 HBSC (2013/14) Numerator: Number of HBSC respondents, grades 6-10, who reported having a high level of friend support;
Denominator: HBSC respondents, grades 6-10.
Details
Working Conditions
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Workplace stress, quite a bit or extremely stressful, past year Children (15-17 years) Reported that their workplace was quite stressful or extremely stressful, in the past year, population aged 15-17 years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents who worked at a job or business in the past year, aged 15-17, who reported that their workplace was quite or extremely stressful, in the past year;
Denominator: CCHS respondents who worked at a job or business in the past year, aged 15-17
Details
Adults (18-75 years) Reported that their workplace was quite stressful or extremely stressful, in the past year, population aged 18-75 years CCHS (2010-2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents who worked at a job or business in the past year, aged 18-75, who reported that their workplace was quite or extremely stressful, in the past year;
Denominator: CCHS respondents who worked at a job or business in the past year, aged 18-75
Details
Health Care
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Contact with medical doctor, past year Children (12-17 years) Reported having seen or talked to a family doctor, pediatrician, general practitioner, or any other medical doctor or specialist, such as a surgeon, allergist, orthopaedist, gynaecologist/urologist, or psychiatrist (about their physical, emotional or mental health) in past year, population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2009, 2010, 2012, 2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, who reported having seen or talked to a medical doctor or specialist in past year;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported having seen or talked to a family doctor, general practitioner, or any other medical doctor or specialist, such as a surgeon, allergist, orthopaedist, gynaecologist/urologist, or psychiatrist (about their physical, emotional or mental health) in past year, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2009, 2010, 2012, 2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, who reported having seen or talked to a medical doctor or specialist in past year;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Reported having seen or talked to a family doctor, general practitioner, or any other medical doctor or specialist, such as a surgeon, allergist, orthopaedist, gynaecologist/urologist, or psychiatrist (about their physical, emotional or mental health) in past year, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2013,2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported having seen or talked to a medical doctor or specialist in past year;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Mammography screening, past 5 years Adults (50-74 years) Reported that they had their most recent mammogram within the past 5 years, women aged 50-74 years CCHS (2008, 2012) Numerator: Number of female CCHS respondents, aged 50-74, who reported that they had their most recent mammogram within the past 5 years;
Denominator: Female CCHS respondents, aged 50-74
Details
Pap smear screening, past 3 years Adults (25-69 years) Reported their last pap smear in the past 3 years, women aged 25-69 years CCHS (2008, 2012) Numerator: Number of female CCHS respondents, aged 25-69 who reported that they had their most recent pap smear test within the past 3 years;
Denominator: Female CCHS respondents, aged 25-69
Details
Colorectal cancer screening, past 5 years Adults (50-74 years) Reported that they had their last fecal occult blood test in the past 2 years, or colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy in past 5 years, population aged 50-74 years CCHS (2008, 2012) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 50-74, who reported that they had their last fecal occult blood test in the past 2 years, or colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy in past 5 years;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 50-74
Details
Absence of dental insurance Children (6-17 years) Reported having no insurance (or government program) coverage, for dental expenses, population aged 6-17 years CHMS (2007-2009) Numerator: Number of CHMS respondents, aged 6-17, who reported having no insurance or government program coverage for dental expeses;
Denominator: CHMS respondents, aged 6-17
Details
Adults (18-79 years) Reported having no insurance (or government program) coverage, for dental expenses, population aged 18-79 years CHMS (2007-2009) Numerator: Number of CHMS respondents, aged 18-79, who reported having no insurance or government program coverage for dental expenses;
Denominator: CHMS respondents, aged 18-79
Details
Contact with dental professional, past year Children (12-17 years) Reported having seen or talked to a dentist, dental hygienist or orthodontist in the past year, population aged 12-17 years CCHS (2009, 2010, 2012, 2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 12-17, within the population of interest who reported having seen or talked to a dentist, dental hygienist or orthodontist in the past year;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17
Details
Adults (18+ years) Reported having seen or talked to a dentist, dental hygienist or orthodontist in the past year, population aged 18+ years CCHS (2009, 2010, 2012, 2013) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 18+, within the population of interest who reported having seen or talked to a dentist, dental hygienist or orthodontist in the past year;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Reported having seen or talked to a dentist, dental hygienist or orthodontist in the past year, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2013,2014) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, within the population of interest who reported having seen or talked to a dentist, dental hygienist or orthodontist in the past year;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Not seen dental professional, past year Children (6-17 years) Reported not having seen a dental professional in the past year, among those who usually visit a dental professional, population aged 6-17 years CHMS (2007-2009) Numerator: Number of CHMS respondents, aged 6-17, who reported not having seen a dental professional in the past 12 months;
Denominator: CHMS respondents, who reported that they usually see a dental professional, aged 6-17
Details
Adults (18-79 years) Reported not having seen a dental professional in the past year, among those who usually visit a dental professional, population aged 18-79 years CHMS (2007-2009) Numerator: Number of CHMS respondents who reported that they usually see a dental professional, aged 18-79, who reported not having seen a dental professional in the past 12 months;
Denominator: CHMS respondents who reported that they usually see a dental professional, aged 18-79
Details
Talked to a health professional about emotional or mental health, past year Seniors (65+ years) Reported that they have seen or talked to a health professional about their emotional or mental health in the past 12 months, population aged 65+ years CCHS (2013-14) (NFLD, QC, ON, MAN, BC, NWT and NVT only) Numerator: Number of CCHS respondents, aged 65+, who reported that they have seen or talked to a health professional about their emotional or mental health in the past 12 months;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+
Details
Social Protection
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Eligibility for employment insurance Adults (15-69 years) Beneficiaries of employment insurance (EI) among the unemployed, population aged 15-69 years EICS (2013) Numerator: Number of EICS respondents, aged 15-69, who were EI recipients;
Denominator: EICS respondents, eligible for employment insurance, aged 15-69
Details
Subsidized care Children (1-5 years) Children aged 1-5 years in Canada (excluding Quebec) who are enrolled in a public subsidized child care program, or whose care is subject to subsidies or other financial assistance (other than tax deduction) SYC (2010-2011) Numerator: Total number of children aged 1 to 5 who are enrolled in a public subsidized care within the population of interest;
Denominator: SYC respondents (PMK, on behalf of child aged 1-5) (Quebec is excluded from the numerator and denominator)
Details
Non-parental child care Children (1-5 years) Children aged 1-5 years in the care of someone other than a parent or guardian SYC (2010-2011) Numerator: Total number of children aged 1 to 5 in non-parental child care within the population of interest;
Denominator: SYC respondents (PMK, on behalf of child aged 1-5)
Details
Daycare centre enrollment Children (1-5 years) Children aged 1-5 years in daycare centres SYC (2010-2011) Numerator: Total number of children aged 1 to 5 in daycare centre within the population of interest;
Denominator: SYC respondents (PMK, on behalf of child aged 1-5)
Details
Social Inequities
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Food insecurity, moderate or severe (individuals living in households with food insecurity) Children (12-17 years) Proportion of children aged 12-17 years living in households with severe or moderate food insecurity, derived from self-reported income-related difficulties accessing or utilizing food that influence the quantity or quality of food consumed CCHS (2009-2012; NB and PE only 2011-2012) Numerator: Number of children aged 12-17 years who reported living in households with moderate to severe food insecurity;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 12-17 years
Details
Adults (18+ years) Proportion of adults aged 18+ years living in households with severe or moderate food insecurity, derived from self-reported income-related difficulties accessing or utilizing food that influence the quantity or quality of food consumed CCHS (2009-2012; NB and PE only 2011-2012) Numerator: Number of adults aged 18+ years who reported living in households with moderate to severe food insecurity;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 18+ years
Details
Seniors (65+ years) Proportion of adults aged 65+ years living in households with severe or moderate food insecurity, derived from self-reported income-related difficulties accessing or utilizing food that influence the quantity or quality of food consumed CCHS (2011-2014) (PEI, NS, QC, ON, SASK, AB, NWT and NU only for 2013-2014) Numerator: Number of adults aged 65+ years who reported living in households with moderate to severe food insecurity;
Denominator: CCHS respondents, aged 65+ years
Details
Children in low income families (according to low income cut-off) Children (0-17 years) Children living in households that fall below the after-tax low income cut-off (LICO), population aged 17 years and under NHS (2011) Numerator: Number of children living in economic families with incomes below after-tax LICO within the population of interest;
Denominator: Population aged 17 years and under, covered by the NHS
Details
Children in low income families (according to market basket measure) Children (0-17 years) Children living in households that fall below the market basket measure, population aged 17 years and under NHS (2011) Numerator: Number of children living in economic families with incomes below the market basket measure within the population of interest;
Denominator: Population aged 17 years and under, covered by the NHS
Details
Working poor Adults (18-64 years) People aged 18-64 (excluding students) who reported earning at least $3,000 per year, living independently and not with their family of origin, with an after-tax income below the low income measure (LIM) NHS (2011) Numerator: Number of people, aged 18-64 (excluding students) who reported earning at least $3,000 per year with an after-tax income below the LIM, living independently and not with their family of origin;
Denominator: Number of people, aged 18-64 (excluding students) who reported earning at least $3,000 per year, living independently and not with their family of origin, and whose after-tax income could be evaluated in relation to the LIM
Details
Early Childhood Development
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Children vulnerable in at least one domain of early development Children (4-6 years) Kindergarten children who are vulnerable in one or more developmental domains (physical health and well-being, social competence, emotional maturity, language and cognitive development, communication skills and general knowledge) upon entry into school Early Development Instrument, Offord Centre for Child Studies (EDI) (Various school years: PEI 2007-2008; NB 2008-2009; BC, MB, and SK 2010-2011; ON, QC, YK, and NT 2011-2012) Numerator: Number of kindergarten children vulnerable in one or more developmental domains (physical health and well-being, social competence, emotional maturity, language and cognitive development, communication skills and general knowledge);
Denominator: All kindergarten-aged children in the participating provinces or territories with EDI data (BC, MB, NB, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT)
Details
Children vulnerable in domain of physical health and well-being Children (4-6 years) Kindergarten children who are vulnerable in domain of physical health and well-being upon entry into school Early Development Instrument, Offord Centre for Child Studies (EDI) (Various school years: PEI 2007-2008; NB 2008-2009; BC, MB, and SK 2010-2011; ON, QC, YK, and NT 2011-2012) Numerator: Number of kindergarten children vulnerable in domain of physical health and well-being;
Denominator: All kindergarten-aged children in the participating provinces or territories with EDI data (BC, MB, NB, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT)
Details
Children vulnerable in domain of social competence Children (4-6 years) Kindergarten children who are vulnerable in domain of social competence upon entry into school Early Development Instrument, Offord Centre for Child Studies (EDI) (Various school years: PEI 2007-2008; NB 2008-2009; BC, MB, and SK 2010-2011; ON, QC, YK, and NT 2011-2012) Numerator: Number of kindergarten children vulnerable in domain of social competence;
Denominator: All kindergarten-aged children in the participating provinces or territories with EDI data (BC, MB, NB, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT)
Details
Children vulnerable in domain of emotional maturity Children (4-6 years) Kindergarten children who are vulnerable in domain of emotional maturity upon entry into school Early Development Instrument, Offord Centre for Child Studies (EDI) (Various school years: PEI 2007-2008; NB 2008-2009; BC, MB, and SK 2010-2011; ON, QC, YK, and NT 2011-2012) Numerator: Number of kindergarten children vulnerable in domain of emotional maturity;
Denominator: All kindergarten-aged children in the participating provinces or territories with EDI data (BC, MB, NB, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT)
Details
Children vulnerable in domain of language and cognitive development Children (4-6 years) Kindergarten children who are vulnerable in domain of language and cognitive development upon entry into school Early Development Instrument, Offord Centre for Child Studies (EDI) (Various school years: PEI 2007-2008; NB 2008-2009; BC, MB, and SK 2010-2011; ON, QC, YK, and NT 2011-2012) Numerator: Number of kindergarten children vulnerable in domain of language and cognitive development;
Denominator: All kindergarten-aged children in the participating provinces or territories with EDI data (BC, MB, NB, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT)
Details
Children vulnerable in domain of communication skills and general knowledge Children (4-6 years) Kindergarten children who are vulnerable in domain of communication skills and general knowledge upon entry into school Early Development Instrument, Offord Centre for Child Studies (EDI) (Various school years: PEI 2007-2008; NB 2008-2009; BC, MB, and SK 2010-2011; ON, QC, YK, and NT 2011-2012) Numerator: Number of kindergarten children vulnerable in domain of communication skills and general knowledge;
Denominator: All kindergarten-aged children in the participating provinces or territories with EDI data (BC, MB, NB, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT)
Details
Interactions with Justice System
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Charged with crime General population (12-89 years) Persons for which a criminal charge is laid, or recommended to be laid, in connection to a criminal incident, aged 12-89 years. UCR survey (2012 -2016) Numerator: Number of people, aged 12-89, charged;
Denominator: Population counts, aged 12-89, summed from each of the 5 years
Details
Children (12-17 years) Persons for which a criminal charge is laid, or recommended to be laid, in connection to a criminal incident, aged 12-17 years. UCR survey (2012 -2016) Numerator: Number of people, aged 12-17, charged;
Denominator: Population counts, aged 12-17, summed from each of the 5 years
Details
Adults (18-24 years) Persons for which a criminal charge is laid, or recommended to be laid, in connection to a criminal incident, aged 18-24 years. UCR survey (2012 -2016) Numerator: Number of people, aged 18-24, charged;
Denominator: Population counts, aged 18-24, summed from each of the 5 years
Details
Adults (25-89 years) Persons for which a criminal charge is laid, or recommended to be laid, in connection to a criminal incident, aged 25-89 years. UCR survey (2012 -2016) Numerator: Number of people, aged 25-89, charged;
Denominator: Population counts, aged 25-89, summed from each of the 5 years
Details
Cleared of crime otherwise General population (12-89 years) Persons for which there is sufficient evidence to lay a criminal charge in connection with a criminal incident, but the accused is processed by other means, aged 12-89 years. UCR survey (2012 -2016) Numerator: Number of people, aged 12-89, defined as “Cleared otherwise”;
Denominator: Population counts, aged 12-89, summed from each of the 5 years
Details
Children (12-17 years) Persons for which there is sufficient evidence to lay a criminal charge in connection with a criminal incident, but the accused is processed by other means, aged 12-17 years. UCR survey (2012 -2016) Numerator: Number of people, aged 12-17, defined as “Cleared otherwise”;
Denominator: Population counts, aged 12-17, summed from each of the 5 years
Details
Adults (18-24 years) Persons for which there is sufficient evidence to lay a criminal charge in connection with a criminal incident, but the accused is processed by other means, aged 18-24 years. UCR survey (2012 -2016) Numerator: Number of people, aged 18-24, defined as “Cleared otherwise”;
Denominator: Population counts, aged 18-24, summed from each of the 5 years
Details
Adults (25-89 years) Persons for which there is sufficient evidence to lay a criminal charge in connection with a criminal incident, but the accused is processed by other means, aged 25-89 years. UCR survey (2012 -2016) Numerator: Number of people, aged 25-89, defined as “Cleared otherwise”;
Denominator: Population counts, aged 25-89, summed from each of the 5 years
Details
Total Crime Severity Index Children (12-17 years) The Crime Severity Index (CSI) tracks changes in the severity of police-reported crime by accounting for both the amount of crime reported by police in a given jurisdiction and the relative seriousness of these crimes. Total CSI includes policy-reported incidents of all Criminal Code incidents and federal statute offences, population aged 12-17 years. UCR survey (2012 -2016) Number of police-reported incidents of each of all offence is multiplied by the weight for that offence. All weighted offences are then added together and divided by the corresponding population total, population aged 12-17 years. To make the Index easier to interpret, the Index is standardized to “100” for Canada in the base year 2006. Details
Adults (18-89 years) The Crime Severity Index (CSI) tracks changes in the severity of police-reported crime by accounting for both the amount of crime reported by police in a given jurisdiction and the relative seriousness of these crimes. Total CSI includes policy-reported incidents of all Criminal Code incidents and federal statute offences, population aged 18-89 years. UCR survey (2012 -2016) Number of police-reported incidents of each of all offence is multiplied by the weight for that offence. All weighted offences are then added together and divided by the corresponding population total, population aged 18-89 years. To make the Index easier to interpret, the Index is standardized to “100” for Canada in the base year 2006. Details
Violent Crime Severity Index Children (12-17 years) The Crime Severity Index (CSI) tracks changes in the severity of police-reported crime by accounting for both the amount of crime reported by police in a given jurisdiction and the relative seriousness of these crimes. Violent CSI includes policy-reported incidents of all violent offences, population aged 12-17 years. UCR survey (2012 -2016) Number of police-reported incidents of each of all violent offence is multiplied by the weight for that offence. All weighted offences are then added together and divided by the corresponding population total, population aged 12-17 years. To make the Index easier to interpret, the Index is standardized to “100” for Canada in the base year 2006. Details
Adults (18-89 years) The Crime Severity Index (CSI) tracks changes in the severity of police-reported crime by accounting for both the amount of crime reported by police in a given jurisdiction and the relative seriousness of these crimes. Violent CSI includes policy-reported incidents of all violent offences, population aged 18-89 years. UCR survey (2012 -2016) Number of police-reported incidents of each of all violent offence is multiplied by the weight for that offence. All weighted offences are then added together and divided by the corresponding population total, population aged 18-89 years. To make the Index easier to interpret, the Index is standardized to “100” for Canada in the base year 2006. Details
Socioeconomic Conditions
Indicator Life Course Indicator Description Source (Year) Method of Calculation Available Stratifiers
Currently employed Adults (18-69 years) Population aged 18-69 years who, during the reference period, had a labour force status of "employed": (a) Did any work at all at a job or business, that is, paid work in the context of an employer-employee relationship, or self-employment. This also includes persons who did unpaid family work, which is defined as unpaid work contributing directly to the operation of a farm, business or professional practice owned and operated by a related member of the same household; (b) Had a job but were not at work due to factors such as their own illness or disability, personal or family responsibilities, vacation or a labour dispute. Census (2016) Numerator: Persons employed aged 18 to 69 years;
Denominator: Census of Population respondents, aged 18 to 69 years
Details
Currently unemployed Adults (18-69 years) Population aged 18-69 years who during the week of May 1 to Saturday May 7 2016 were without paid work or without self-employment work and were available for work and either: a) Had actively looked for paid work in the past four weeks; or b) Were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or c) Had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less Census (2016) Numerator: Persons unemployed aged 18 to 69 years;
Denominator: Labour force aged 18 to 69 years
Details
Not completed high school Adults (25+ years) Population aged 25 years and older that has not completed a high school diploma or equivalent Census (2016) Numerator: Number of Census of Population respondents, aged 25 years and older, who reported that they have not completed high school;
Denominator: Census of Population respondents, aged 25+ years
Details
Completed high school Adults (25+ years) Population aged 25 years and older that has completed a high school diploma or equivalent Census (2016) Numerator: Number of Census of Population respondents, aged 25 years and older, who reported that they have completed high school;
Denominator: Census of Population respondents, aged 25+ years
Details
Completed university Adults (25+ years) Population aged 25 years and older that has a university diploma at the bachelor level or higher Census (2016) Numerator: Number of Census of Population respondents, aged 25 years and older, who reported that they have a university diploma at the bachelor level or higher;
Denominator: Census of Population respondents, aged 25+ years
Details
Completed postsecondary program of study Adults (25+ years) Population aged 25 years and older that has completed postsecondary education (college, trade, apprenticeship or university) Census (2016) Numerator: Number of Census of Population respondents, aged 25 years and older, who reported that they have completed postsecondary education (college, trade, apprenticeship or university);
Denominator: Census of Population respondents, aged 25+ years
Details
Below median after-tax income General population Persons whose household income falls below the median, after tax. Census (2016) Numerator: Population in private households with adjusted after-tax household income which is below the median income, after tax;
Denominator: Population in private households
Details
Low skilled occupation Adults (18-69 years) Population aged 18-69 years whose current or most relevant recent occupation is classified as NOC skill level D (on-the-job training usually provided). Census (2016) Numerator: Number of Census of Population respondents, aged 18 to 69 years in private households, whose current or most relevant recent occupation is classified as NOC skill level D;
Denominator: Labour force, aged 18 to 69 years in private households
Details
Occupational mismatch – overqualified Adults (18-69 years) Population aged 18-69 years with university education working in positions usually requiring high school education or less (NOC skill levels C and D). Census (2016) Numerator: Number of Census of Population respondents, aged 18 to 69 years in private households, whose highest completed level of education is university and whose current or most relevant recent occupation usually requires high school education or less (NOC skill levels C and D);
Denominator: Labour force, aged 18 to 69 years in private households
Details
Youth not in education or employment Youth (15-24 years) Youth aged 15-24 years who are unemployed or not in the labour force, and not in school Census (2016) Numerator: Number of Census of Population respondents, aged 15 to 24, who who did not attend school at any time in the current school year and were unemployed or not in the labour force during the reference week;
Denominator: Census of Population respondents, aged 15 to 24
Details

More information is available about the measures of inequality used in this Data Tool.

Notes

  • Data Sources (Abbreviations): Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR); Canadian Community Health Survey - Annual Component (CCHS); Canadian Demographic Estimates, Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS); Canadian Survey on Disability (CSD); Canadian Tuberculosis Reporting System (CTBRS); Census Population Counts; Census – Long Form; Early Development Instrument, Offord Centre for Child Studies (EDI); Health Behaviours in School-aged Children Survey (HBSC); Employment Insurance Coverage Survey (EICS); Hospital Mental Health Database, Canadian Institute for Health Information (HMHDB); National HIV/AIDS Surveillance System; National Household Survey (NHS); Survey of Young Canadians (SYC); The Uniform Crime Reporting Survey ; Vital Statistics - Birth Database (VS-BD); Vital Statistics - Death Database (VS-DD).
  • Rates: Age-standardized to the 2011 or 2016 Canadian population unless otherwise stated. Rates encompass incidence and prevalence. Consult the documentation for more details on a specific indicator.
  • Stratification: Where possible/applicable, indicators are stratified at the individual level by the following characteristics: individual respondent/household income (income quintile – provincial/national, overall and by rural/urban geography); education level/quintile (individual respondent/household, overall and by rural/urban geography); immigration status; First Nations/Inuit/Métis identity; employment status; occupation; rural/urban geography; cultural/racial background; sexual orientation; functional health; participation and activity limitation; and impact of health problems. In certain cases, categories within a stratifier are collapsed or replaced by a proxy measure in cases of small sample sizes or unavailable information. Consult the documentation for more details on the available stratifiers for a specific indicator.
    Ecological stratifiers are used in cases of missing or unavailable individual level characteristics. These measures are based on the use of area level measures1 of socio-economic status (e.g. deprivation index); sub-group (e.g. First Nations/Inuit/Métis identity, foreign-born2) concentration and rural/urban geography derived from the 2006 Census (long-form) at the Census Dissemination Area (DA) level and linked to the vital and cancer administrative data available at Statistics Canada using the Postal Code OM Conversion File Plus (PCCF+).
  • Data availability, validity and limitations: When an indicator and a stratifier are crossed, the age interval is limited to that available in both the indicator and the stratifier. The values calculated for the summary measures of inequalities do not take into account the complex intersections between different social identities or different social determinants of health that may vary between the groups. Consult the documentation on the summary measures of inequalities used in this project for more details. Data from national surveys were weighted to permit representative estimates of the target population. The 95% confidence interval illustrates the degree of variability associated with a number or a rate. Wide confidence intervals indicate high variability and should therefore be interpreted and compared with caution. For indicators using data linkage to the 2006 census data via the PCCF+, records that could not be assigned a DA were excluded from the analysis.

Suggested Citation: Pan-Canadian Health Inequalities Data Tool, 2017 Edition. A joint initiative of the Public Health Agency of Canada, the Pan-Canadian Public Health Network, Statistics Canada and the Canadian Institute of Health Information.

Correspondence: Determinants of Health Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, 9th floor, 785 Carling Avenue, A.L. 6809B, Ottawa, ON K1A 0K9; Email: HealthInequalities_InegalitesEnSante@phac-aspc.gc.ca

References:

  • 1 Peters PA, Oliver LN, Carrière G. Geozones: An area-based method for analysis of health outcomes. Health Reports 2012; 23(1):1-10.
  • 2 Carrière G, Peters PA, Sanmartin C. Area-based methods to calculate hospitalization rates for the foreign-born population in Canada, 2005/2006. Health Reports 2012; 23(3):1-10.

Acknowledgements: The development of this Data Tool was made possible through collaboration of the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), the Pan-Canadian Public Health Network (PHN), Statistics Canada, and the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). We wish to thank the members of the Pan-Canadian Health Inequalities Reporting Initiative Technical Working Group for their invaluable contributions to this product.

Date modified:
2021-07-09