Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep (PASS) Indicators

  • Last updated: 2023-03-27

The PASS Indicators are grouped by movement behaviours and broken down by individual, family/social and built/society environment.

Select an item from each list below:
Percentage (%) of adults who report their mental health is "very good" or "excellent", aged 18+ years, by cultural/racial background, Canada, 2021
0102030405060708090100WhiteBlackEast or Southeast AsianSouth AsianWest Asian or ArabLatin AmericanFirst Nations off reserve/Inuit/MétisOther visible minorityNot statedCultural/racial background - multiple categoriesPercentage (%)White: 58.5 Black: 63.4 East or Southeast Asian: 61.4 South Asian: 62.2 West Asian or Arab: 57.8 Latin American: 55.5 First Nations off reserve/Inuit/Métis: 50.6 Other visible minority: 58.4 Not stated: 64.2 Total population: 58.9
Percentage (%) of adults who report their mental health is "very good" or "excellent", aged 18+ years, by cultural/racial background, Canada, 2021
Cultural/racial background - multiple categoriesPercentage (%)95% CI
Total population58.958.0 - 59.8
White58.557.5 - 59.5
Black63.457.5 - 69.4
East or Southeast Asian61.457.9 - 65.0
South Asian62.256.9 - 67.5
West Asian or Arab57.849.6 - 65.9
Latin American55.546.2 - 64.8
First Nations off reserve/Inuit/Métis50.645.9 - 55.2
Other visible minority58.445.8 - 71.0
Not stated64.254.3 - 74.1

Notes: Estimates for this indicator exclude the territories. The category "White" includes persons who gave a response of "White" only OR persons who gave a response of "White and Latin American", "White and Arab", or "White and West Asian" OR persons who gave a response of "Latin American", "Arab", or "West Asian" only, along with a write-in European response AND persons who gave a response that is not classified as a visible minority regardless of whether they gave a response of "White". The category "White" excludes Indigenous People. The category "Other visible minority" includes "Multiple visible minorities" or "visible minority not indicated elsewhere". All other categories are defined as per Statistics Canada derived variable "Visible minority group of respondent (SDCDVVM)".

Source: Canadian Community Health Survey 2021

(NEW) highlights indicators not previously reported upon and/or for which the measure or data source has changed.

aDue to changes in survey methodology, the PASS 2023 estimates for this indicator should not be compared to those from previous PASS editions.

Measure Description

DefinitionThis indicator measures the percentage of adults who self-rated their mental health as being "excellent" or "very good" and is expressed as a proportion of the total population aged 18+ years.
Data SourceCanadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), Statistics Canada
PopulationPopulation aged 18+ years
Data AvailableSex, age group (5 year, life-course, adults/older adults), province/territory, population centre/rural area, highest level of education (household, respondent), household income adequacy, cultural/racial background, Indigenous status, immigrant status, and trend (age-standardized)
Estimate CalculationNumerator: Number of adults aged 18+ years who report their mental health is "very good" or "excellent". Denominator: Total population, aged 18+ years. Statistics Canada derived variable "perceived mental health" (2003: GENC_02B, 2005: GENE_02B, 2007-2014: GENDMHI, 2015-2021: GENDVMHI) was used to calculate this indicator.

Suggested Citation

Center for Surveillance and Applied Research, Public Health Agency of Canada. Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep (PASS) Indicators, 2023 Edition. Public Health Infobase. Ottawa (ON): Public Health Agency of Canada, 2023.

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