Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep (PASS) Indicators

The Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep (PASS) Indicators provides important surveillance information on physical activity, sedentary and sleep behaviours in Canadians as well as factors that influence them. The PASS Indicators include 55 unique indicators and their measures, grouped by movement behaviour (physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep) and three key domains: individual, family/social environment, and built/society environment.

For an overview of the 2018 edition of the PASS Indicators, see the Quick Stats Overview below. Click on any of the three activities listed under adults (aged 18+ years) or children and youth (aged 5 to 17 years). A list of all indicator groups, indicators and their measures with their corresponding pan-Canadian estimates, where available, will unfold. Additionally, a detailed description of each measure, excluding those considered “In development”, can be obtained by clicking on the “Description” link next to each measure.

To dive deeper into the pan-Canadian estimates from the 2018 edition of the PASS Indicators, click the "Data Tool" tab above. This interactive “Data Tool” provides access to all available data breakdowns by key demographic and socioeconomic variables for every measure where data is available.

The 2017 edition of the PASS Indicators Quick Stats is available in printer-friendly PDFs for both children and youth and adults. The 2018 edition is only available online at this time.

Learn more about PASS.


Quick Stats Overview

For more information about each indicator, click on the categories below:

Adults (18+ years)

Physical Activity
Indicator Group Indicator Indicator Measure(s) Latest Data Source (Year) Description
Individual Physical activity guideline adherence Percentage (%) of adults who meet physical activity guidelines by accumulating at least 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity each week, in bouts of 10 minutes or more 17.5% CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Total moderate-to-vigorous physical activity amount Average number of minutes per day adults are engaged in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity 24.1 minutes CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Occupational physical activity and active chores amount Average number of hours per week adults report doing physical activities while at work, in or around their home or while volunteering 3.0 hours CCHS (2016) Description
Leisure time physical activity amount Average number of hours per week adults report doing sports, fitness or recreational physical activities, organized or non-organized, that lasted a minimum of 10 continuous minutes 1.9 hours CCHS (2016) Description
Sports participation amount Percentage (%) of population who reported regularly participating in any sports during the past 12 months 26.3% GSS (2010) Description
Active travel amount Percentage (%) of adults who report walking or cycling to work or school 21.8% CCHS (2014) Description
Average number of hours per week adults report using active ways like walking or cycling to get to places 1.9 hours CCHS (2016) Description
Intention level Percentage (%) of adults who, when thinking about the next six months, intend to be physically active 73.9% PAM (2014-2015) Description
Enjoyment level Percentage (%) of adults who report that physical activity is generally pleasant 87.0% PAM (2014-2015) Description
Confidence level Percentage (%) of adults who report they are confident that they could regularly do a total of 30 minutes or more of moderate physical activity three or four times a week 67.0% PAM (2014-2015) Description
Physical literacy In development -
Physical health status Percentage (%) of adults who report their health is "very good" or "excellent" 59.9% CCHS (2016) Description
Mental health status Percentage (%) of adults who report their mental health is "very good" or "excellent" 70.3% CCHS (2016) Description
Family/social environment Level of peer and spousal support In development -
Community norms In development -
Presence and type of barriers for physical activity In development -
Built/society environment Community walkability In development -
Presence of parks and recreation facilities Percentage (%) of adults that "somewhat agree" or "strongly agree" that their neighbourhood has several free or low cost recreation facilities, such as parks, walking trails, bike paths, recreation centers, playgrounds, public swimming pools, etc. 78.1% CCHS RR (2011) Description
Presence of active transport infrastructure Percentage (%) of adults who report their community has infrastructure that supports walking or biking (well-maintained sidewalks or designated bike areas for biking) 78.2% CCHS RR (2011) Description
Shower access at work Percentage (%) of adults who report having access to showers or change rooms at or near work 45.6% CCHS (2007-2008) Description
Community spending on sports and recreation programs In development -
Community spending on active transportation plans In development -
Sedentary Behaviour
Indicator Group Indicator Indicator Measure(s) Latest Data Source (Year) Description
Individual Total sedentary time amount Average number of hours per day adults spend sedentary, excluding sleep time 9.6 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Recreational screen time amount Average number of hours per day adults report watching television, DVDs, or videos or spending time on a computer, tablet, or other hand-held electronic device e.g. watching videos, playing computer/video games, emailing or surfing the Internet 3.6 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Workplace sedentary time amount In development -
Non-active travel amount In development -
Awareness level In development -
Family/social environment Presence and type of barriers for reducing sedentary behaviour In development -
Work sedentary behaviour norms In development -
Built/society environment Supportive work policies In development -
Sleep
Indicator Group Indicator Indicator Measure(s) Latest Data Source (Year) Description
Individual Nighttime sleep amount Average number of hours adults report sleeping in a 24-hour period 7.2 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Awareness about sleep benefits In development -
Sleep quality — sleep continuity Percentage (%) of adults who report having trouble going to sleep or staying asleep "most of the time" or "all of the time" 24.9% CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Sleep quality — sleep efficiency In development -
Sleep hygiene — sleep timing In development -
Sleep hygiene — stress In development -
Sleep hygiene — physical activity In development -
Sleep hygiene — caffeinated beverage consumption In development -
Family/social environment Sleep routines In development -
Built/society environment Presence and type of barriers for sleep In development -
Electronic media in the bedroom In development -
Nocturnal environment noise In development -

Children and Youth (5 to 17 years)

Physical Activity
Indicator Group Indicator Indicator Measure(s) Latest Data Source (Year) Description
Individual Physical activity recommendation adherence Percentage (%) of children and youth who meet physical activity recommendations by accumulating at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day 37.6% CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Total moderate-to-vigorous physical activity amount Average number of minutes per day children and youth are engaged in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity 57.0 minutes CHMS (2014-2015) Description
24-hour movement Percentage (%) of children and youth who meet the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth 9.5% CHMS (2014-2015) Description
School physical activity amount Average number of hours per week youth in Grades 6 to 10 report taking part in physical activity that makes them out of breath or warmer than usual during class time at school 2.3 hours HBSC (2014) Description
Average number of hours per week that parents report their children spend doing physical activity during class time at school 2.2 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Sports participation amount (leisure time) Percentage (%) of Canadian parents who report that their children participated in sports in the last 12 months 74.2% PAM (2014-2015) Description
Active play amount (leisure time) Percentage (%) of children who accumulate 3 hours or less per week of active play (unstructured physical activity) outside of school 48.8% CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Active travel amount Percentage (%) of youth who report walking or cycling to work or school 52.9% CCHS (2014) Description
Average number of hours per week youth report using active ways like walking or cycling to get to places 3.6 hours CCHS (2016) Description
Intention level In development -
Enjoyment level % of youth who report they enjoy being physically active - In development
Confidence level % of youth who report they are confident in their ability to be physically active - In development
Physical literacy In development -
Physical health status Percentage (%) of youth who report their health is "very good" or "excellent" 75.1% CCHS (2016) Description
Percentage (%) of parents who report the health of their child is "very good" or "excellent" 88.4% CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Mental health status Percentage (%) of youth who report their mental health is "very good" or "excellent" 73.9% CHMS (2014-2015) Description
% of parents who report their child's mental health is "very good" or "excellent" - In development
Family/social environment Level of parental support Percentage (%) of Canadian parents who report "often" or "very often" playing active games with their children in the past year 36.1% PAM (2014-2015) Description
Level of peer support Percentage (%) of youth in Grades 9 and 10 who report that most of their friends "often" participate in organized sports activities with others 58.2% HBSC (2014) Description
Built/society environment Perceived distance to school In development -
Level of community safety Percentage (%) of Canadian parents who identify safety concerns as a barrier to their children’s physical activity 24.0% PAM (2014-2015) Description
Community walkability In development -
Presence of parks and recreation facilities Percentage (%) of youth who "somewhat agree" or "strongly agree" that their neighbourhood has several free or low cost recreation facilities, such as parks, walking trails, bike paths, recreation centers, playgrounds, public swimming pools, etc. 79.2% CCHS RR (2011) Description
Presence of active transport infrastructure In development -
Supportive policies at school % of schools that have a committee that overseas policies and practices concerning physical activity (e.g. health action team) 42.3% HBSC - Admin (2014) Description
Community spending on sports and recreation programs In development -
Community spending on active transportation plans In development -
Sedentary Behaviour
Indicator Group Indicator Indicator Measure(s) Latest Data Source (Year) Description
Individual Sedentary behaviour recommendation adherence Percentage (%) of children and youth who report meeting sedentary behaviour recommendations by spending 2 hours or less per day watching television or using a computer during leisure-time 28.5% CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Amount of sedentary time Average number of hours per day children and youth spend sedentary, excluding sleep time 8.4 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Recreational screen time amount Average number of hours per day youth report watching television, DVDs, or videos or spending time on a computer, tablet, or other hand-held electronic device e.g. watching videos, playing computer/video games, emailing or surfing the Internet 4.2 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Sedentary time at school In development -
Non-active travel amount In development -
Time spent outdoors Average number of hours per day children spend outside 2.0 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Family/social environment Parental awareness level In development -
Home screen time rules In development -
Built/society environment Presence of and access to electronic media In development -
Sleep
Indicator Group Indicator Indicator Measure(s) Latest Data Source (Year) Description
Individual Sleep recommendation adherence Percentage (%) of children and youth who report meeting sleep recommendations by obtaining adequate sleep: 9-11 hours per night for ages 5 to 13 years and 8-10 hours per night for ages 14 to 17 years 70.7% CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Amount of sleep in 24-hour period Average number of hours children and youth report sleeping in a 24-hour period 9.0 hours CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Daytime napping amount (5 years and under) In development -
Nighttime sleep amount In development -
Sleep quality — sleep continuity Percentage (%) of children and youth who report having trouble going to sleep or staying asleep "most of the time" or "all of the time" 10.4% CHMS (2014-2015) Description
Sleep quality — sleep efficiency In development -
Sleep hygiene — sleep timing In development -
Sleep hygiene — stress In development -
Sleep hygiene — physical activity In development -
Sleep hygiene — caffeinated beverage consumption In development -
Family/social environment Home sleep rules and routines % of parents who report they set regular bedtimes for their children and enforce them - In development
Built/society environment Electronic media in the bedroom % of children and youth who report they have a television, computer or game console in their bedroom - In development
Nocturnal environment noise In development -

Notes

  • Abbreviations: CCHS, Canadian Community Health Survey; CCHS RR, Canadian Community Health Survey Rapid Response; CHMS, Canadian Health Measures Survey;GSS, General Social Survey; HBSC, Health Behaviours in School-aged Children; HBSC-Admin, Health Behaviours in School-aged Children Administrator Survey; PAM, Physical Activity Monitor.
  • Note: “In development” refers to measures that are under development either because a data source is currently not available or because more research has to be done to identify a promising measure and data source.
  • Correspondence: Behaviours, Environments and Lifespan Team, Centre for Surveillance and Applied Research, Public Health Agency of Canada, 785 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, ON K1A 0K9; Email: phac.infobase.aspc@canada.ca
  • Suggested citation (adults): Center for Surveillance and Applied Research, Public Health Agency of Canada. Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep (PASS) Indicators, Quick Stats, Adults (18+ years), 2018 Edition. Public Health Infobase. Ottawa (ON): Public Health Agency of Canada, 2018.
  • Suggested citation (children and youth): Center for Surveillance and Applied Research, Public Health Agency of Canada. Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep (PASS) Indicators, Quick Stats, Children and Youth (5 to 17 years), 2018 Edition. Public Health Infobase. Ottawa (ON): Public Health Agency of Canada, 2018.
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