Antimicrobial resistance: Canadian Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (CARSS)

This dashboard presents integrated information from PHAC surveillance systems on antimicrobial resistance data for priority pathogens.

  • Last updated: 2023-11-24

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurs when bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites change over time and no longer respond to medicines making infections difficult to treat and increasing the risk of disease spread, severe illness and death.

AMR happens naturally, but the inappropriate use of antimicrobials in people, animals and plants is increasing the problem. AMR pathogens can spread easily among people and animals.

The Canadian Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (CARSS) integrates and synthesizes information from various surveillance systems and laboratory reference services covering humans, animals and food to present data on AMR and antimicrobial use in the human (hospital and community) and animal settings.

Key findings

Pathogen watchlist

Key trends of antimicrobial resistance Time period Five-year trend summary
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections (Healthcare-associated) 2017-2021 Trending up
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections (Community-associated) 2017-2021 Trending up
Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus 2017-2021 Trending up
Candida auris infections Not available
Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales infection 2017-2021 Trending up
Clostridioides difficile infections 2017-2021 Trending down
Drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections 2017-2021 Trending up
Drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections 2017-2021 Stable
Multidrug-resistant vaccine-preventable invasive Streptococcal pneumoniae diseases 2017-2021 Trending down
Multidrug-resistant Streptococcus pyogenes infections 2017-2021 Trending down
Typhoidal and non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica infections 2017-2021 Trending up

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