Opioid- and Stimulant-related Harms in Canada Published: (September 2021)

Select an item from each list below:
Percentage of accidental apparent opioid toxicity deaths by origin of the opioid(s) directly contributing to death, among deaths with completed investigations only in Canada, 2018 to 2021 (Jan to Mar)
01020304050607080902018201920202021 (Jan to Mar)YearPercentage (%)2018 - Pharmaceutical only: 24%2018 - Both: 6%2018 - Non-pharmaceutical only: 66%2018 - Undetermined: 3%2019 - Pharmaceutical only: 23%2019 - Both: 7%2019 - Non-pharmaceutical only: 66%2019 - Undetermined: 4%2020 - Pharmaceutical only: 13%2020 - Both: 7%2020 - Non-pharmaceutical only: 76%2020 - Undetermined: 3%2021 (Jan to Mar) - Pharmaceutical only: 7%2021 (Jan to Mar) - Both: 8%2021 (Jan to Mar) - Non-pharmaceutical only: 82%2021 (Jan to Mar) - Undetermined: 2%

This update is based on data submitted to the Public Health Agency of Canada on or before August 16, 2021. Due to differences in identifying and reporting cases, comparisons over time and between provinces and territories should be interpreted with caution. Refer to the technical notes for more information.

Percentage of accidental apparent opioid toxicity deaths by origin of the opioid(s) directly contributing to death, among deaths with completed investigations only in Canada, 2018 to 2021 (Jan to Mar)
YearPercent
2018 - Pharmaceutical only24%
2018 - Both6%
2018 - Non-pharmaceutical only66%
2018 - Undetermined3%
2019 - Pharmaceutical only23%
2019 - Both7%
2019 - Non-pharmaceutical only66%
2019 - Undetermined4%
2020 - Pharmaceutical only13%
2020 - Both7%
2020 - Non-pharmaceutical only76%
2020 - Undetermined3%
2021 (Jan to Mar) - Pharmaceutical only7%
2021 (Jan to Mar) - Both8%
2021 (Jan to Mar) - Non-pharmaceutical only82%
2021 (Jan to Mar) - Undetermined2%

Acknowledgements

This update would not be possible without the collaboration and dedication of provincial and territorial (PT) offices of Chief Coroners and Chief Medical Examiners as well as PT public health and health partners and Emergency Medical Services data providers. We would also like to acknowledge the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) for collecting and providing the data used for reporting opioid and stimulant related poisoning hospitalizations.

Suggested Citation

Special Advisory Committee on the Epidemic of Opioid Overdoses. Opioid and Stimulant-related Harms in Canada. Ottawa: Public Health Agency of Canada; September 2021. https://health-infobase.canada.ca/substance-related-harms/opioids-stimulants


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