Suicide Surveillance Indicator Framework:

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Note: Canadian Vital Statistics - Death database (CVS-D) 2020 data are considered preliminary. Data for Yukon are not available.
Source: Canadian Vital Statistics–Death Database - 2020

E: Estimate should be interpreted with caution due to its elevated variability.
F: Estimate is unstable and cannot be released due to its high variability and/or small sample size.

Measure Description:

Definition Number of deaths in Canada where suicide is confirmed, expressed per 100 000 population, in a given year
Data Available
  • Sex
  • 5-year age group
  • Province/territory — crude rate
  • Province/territory — age-standardized rate
Calculation Numerator: Number of deaths in Canada due to suicide, excluding Yukon;
Denominator: Total population in Canada, excluding Yukon
Additional Remarks
  • Rate is derived from administrative data and the Census of Population
  • CVSD has a 2-year reporting lag and a multi-year revision window, which may change retroactively the official number of deaths by suicide
  • Data for Yukon is not available

Suggested Citation: 

Public Health Agency of Canada, Centre for Surveillance and Applied Research (2023). Suicide Surveillance Indicator Framework Quick Statistics, Canada, 2023 Edition. Ottawa (ON): Public Health Agency of Canada.

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