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Childhood Cancer Month (September 2016)Published: ()

The Cancer in Young People in Canada (CYP-C) program is a national childhood cancer system that was launched in 2009 to contribute to cancer control in all children living with cancer in Canada. It includes nearly 100% of all children aged up to 14 years who have been diagnosed with cancer in Canada.

The CYP-C program will soon release its first surveillance report. For more information, please visit the program website.

< 15 years

While rare, childhood cancer is the leading cause of disease-related deaths in children under the age of fifteen. [Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database, 2015]


Every year in Canada, 910 children are diagnosed with cancer, and 135 die of the disease. [CCS, 2015]

0-5 years

Most new diagnoses are made during the first 5 years of life and decrease with age. [Mitra D et al., 2015]


The most commonly diagnosed cancers in children in Canada are leukemias (32%), central nervous system cancers (19%), and lymphomas (11%). [Mitra D et al., 2015]


Five-year survival rates have improved substantially from 71% in the late 1980s to 83% in 2004-2008. [CCS, 2015]

2 out of 3

Nearly 2 out of 3 childhood cancer survivors face long-term physical and mental side-effects from the disease and its treatment. [Oeffinger KC et al., 2006]


The average total cost incurred by families of a child diagnosed with cancer was $28,475 for the first three months following a child’s diagnosis. [Tsimicalis, 2010]

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