Child Maltreatment Surveillance Indicator Framework

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Percentage (%) of children aged 1-9 years who "sometimes", "often", or "always" experience physical punishment as a form of discipline, as reported by the parent or guardian, by sex (parent), Canada, 2010-2011
0.000.050.100.150.200.250.300.350.400.450.500.550.60FemalesMalesSex - parentPercentage (%)Females: 0.5%Males: 0.6%Total population: 0.5%Legend
Percentage (%) of children aged 1-9 years who "sometimes", "often", or "always" experience physical punishment as a form of discipline, as reported by the parent or guardian, by sex (parent), Canada, 2010-2011
Sex - parentPercentage (%)95% CI
Total population0.5- - -
Females0.5- - -
Males0.6- - -

Source: Survey of Young Canadians - Child 2010-2011, Statistics Canada

Measure Description

DefinitionEstimated percentage (%) of children aged 1-9 years who "sometimes", "often" or "always" (versus "never", "rarely") experience physical punishment when the child breaks the rules or does things that they are not supposed to, as reported by the parent or guardian
Data SourceSYC-Child (2010-2011)
Data AvailableSex-parent, Sex-child, 5-year age group-parent, 5-year age group-child, Household income
Estimate CalculationNumerator (weighted estimate): Number of children aged 1-9 who, sometimes, often, or always, experience physical punishment as discipline, as per the person most knowledgeable; Denominator: Total population, children aged 1-9
Additional RemarksThe sampling unit is the child and the respondent is the parent/guardian. In the SYC-Child (Survey of Young Canadians, Child component), the person answering these questions is confirmed at the beginning of the questionnaire to be the Person Most Knowledgeable (PMK). "Parent or guardian" is used here for simplicity


Suggested Citation

Centre for Surveillance and Applied Research, Public Health Agency of Canada. Child Maltreatment Surveillance Indicator Framework (CMSIF) Data Tool, 2020 Edition. Public Health Infobase. Ottawa (ON): Public Health Agency of Canada, 2020.

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